Lab-on-a-Chip Systems

Tuesday, 23 June 2015 22:09

On this page you will find publications dealing with tiny cell or organ system developments on microchips. Aim of these developments is to connect all important human organs on the chip with smallest blood vessels to use them for toxicity testing in the future. Therefore this will be reduce or even terminate animal consumption.

The chip systems can also be used in basic research, for instance to study human diseases with appropriate cell or organ systems expressing the disease phenomenon which are apllied to the chip.

The reader is also referred to our news releases and working groups on this topic.


Johan U. Lind, Travis A. Busbee, Alexander D. Valentine et al. (2016): Instrumented cardiac microphysiological devices via multimaterial three-dimensional printing. Nature Materials.

Frey O., Misun P. M., Fluri D. A., Hengstler J. G. & Hierlemann A. (2014): Reconfigurable microfluidic hanging drop network for multi-tissue interaction and analysis. Nature Communications 5: 4250. doi: 10.1038/ncomms5250.

K. Schimek, M. Busek, S. Brincker, B. Groth, S. Hoffmann, R. Lauster, G. Lindner, A. Lorenz, U. Menzel, F. Sonntag, H. Walles, U. Marx and R. Horland (2013): Integrating biological vasculature into a multi-organ-chip microsystem; Lab Chip.

E. Materne, A. Tonevitsky and U. Marx (2013): Chip-based liver equivalents for toxicity testing - organotypicalness versus cost-efficient high throughput; Lab Chip.

I. Wagner, E. Materne, S. Brincker, U. Süßbier, C. Frädrich, M. Busek, F. Sonntag, D. Sakharov, E. Trushkin, A. Tonevitsky, R. Lauster, U. Marx (2013): A dynamic multi-organ-chip for long-term cultivation and substance testing proven by 3D human liver and skin tissue co-culture; Lab Chip.

B. Ataҫ, I. Wagner, R. Horland, R. Lauster, U. Marx, A. Tonevitsky, A. Azar, G. Lindner (2013): Skin and hair on-a-chip: in vitro skin models versus ex vivo tissue maintenance with dynamic perfusion; Lab Chip.

U. Marx, H. Walles, S. Hoffmann, G. Lindner, R. Horland, F. Sonntag, U. Klotzbach, D. Sakharov, A. Tonevitsky, R. Lauster (2012): 'Human-on-a-chip' developments: a translational cutting-edge alternative to systemic safety assessment and efficiency evaluation of substances in laboratory animals and man?; Alternatives to Lab Animals.

K.V. Gernaey, F. Baganz, E. Franco-Lara, F. Kensy, U. Krühne, M. Luebberstedt, U. Marx, E. Palmqvist, A. Schmid, F. Schubert, C.F. Mandenius (2012): Monitoring and control of microbioreactors: an expert opinion on development needs; Biotechnology Journal.

R. Horland, G. Lindner, I. Wagner, B. Atac, S. Hoffmann, M. Gruchow, F. Sonntag, U. Klotzbach, R. Lauster, U. Marx (2011): Human hair follicle equivalents in vitro for transplantation and chip-based substance testing; BMC Proceedings.

M. Pilarek, P. Neubauer, U. Marx (2011): Biological cardio-micro-pumps for micro­bio­reactors and analytical micro-systems; Sensors and Actuators.

F. Sonntag, M. Gruchow, I. Wagner, G. Lindner, U. Marx (2011): Miniaturisierte humane organtypische Zell- und Gewebekulturen; BIOspektrum.

F. Sonntag, N. Schilling, K. Mader, M. Gruchow, U. Klotzbach, G. Lindner, R. Horland, I. Wagner, R. Lauster, S. Howitz, S. Hoffmann, U. Marx (2010): Design and prototyping of a chip-besed multi-micro-organoid culture system for substance testing, predictive to human (substance) exposure; Journal of Biotechnology.

Ground-breaking Technology

Monday, 23 June 2014 22:20

With this page InVitro+Jobs offers information about "future-oriented developments". In this section, we'll focus on developments which have the potential to replace animal use in a particular field in the near future.

Innovative imaging methods could replace animal use (e.g. the use of non-human primates) with human-specific, non-invasive techniques in several fields of cognitive neuroscience.

Here you find literature sources that lead to the abstract.

The imaging techniques, however, require further testing to be accepted as animal replacement methods. Currently there are no studies reported and no evaluations or validations are known.

Photo: Kasuga Huang.

1. Imaging Methods

ALI, A., ABOULEILA, Y., AMER, S., FURUSHIMA, R., EMARA, S., EQUIS, S., COTTE, Y. & MASUJIMA, T. (2016). Quantitative Live Single-cell Mass Spectrometry with Spatial Evaluation by Three-Dimensional Holographic and Tomographic Laser Microscopy. ANALYTICAL SCIENCES 32/2: 125-127.

Aramesh, M., Forró, C., Dorwling-Carter, L., Lüchtefeld, I., Schlotter, T., Ihle, S. J., Shorubalko, I., Hosseini, V., Momotenko, D., Zambelli, T., Klotzsch, E. & Vörös, J. (2019).
Localized detection of ions and biomolecules with a force-controlled scanning nanopore microscope. Nature Nanotechnology, DOI: 10.1038/s41565-019-0493-z

Azarkh M, Bieber A, Qi M, Fischer JWA, Yulikov M, Godt A, Drescher M (2019). Gd(III)–Gd(III) Relaxation-Induced Dipolar Modulation Enhancement for In-Cell Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Distance Determination. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10: 1477–1481.

Bisdas S, Lá Fougere C & Ernemann U (2015): Hybrid MR-PET in Neuroimaging. Clin Neuroradiol. 2015 Oct; 25 Suppl 2:275-81. doi: 10.1007/s00062-015-0427-6. Epub 2015 Jul 31.

Bouchard, M. B., Voleti, V., Mendes, C. S., Lacefield, C., Grueber, W. B., Mann, R. S., Bruno, R. M. & Hillman, E. C. M. (2015): Swept confocally-aligned planar excitation (SCAPE) microscopy for high-speed volumetric imaging of behaving organisms. Nature Photonics, DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2014.323

Chang BJ, Perez Meza VD, Stelzer EHK (2017): csiLSFM combines light-sheet fluorescence microscopy and coherent structured illumination for a lateral resolution below 100 nm. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 114 (19): 4869-4874. (2017 May 9). Epub 2017 Apr 24.

Cherry, SR, Jones, T, Karp, JS, Qi, J, Moses, WW, Badawi, RD (2018): Total-Body PET: Maximizing Sensitivity to Create New Opportunities for Clinical Research and Patient Care. J Nucl Med. 59 (1): 3-12. doi: 10.2967/jnumed.116.184028.

Chhatwal, J. P., Schultz, A. P., Johnson, K., Benzinger, T. L. S., Jack, Jr., C., Ances, B. M., Sullivan, C. A., Salloway, S. P., Ringman, J. M., Koeppe, R. A., Marcus, D. S., Thompson, P., Saykin, A. J., Correia, S., Schofield, P. R., Rowe, C. C., Fox, N. C., Brickman, A. M., Mayeux, R., McDade, E., Bateman, R., Fagan, A. M., Goate, A. M., Xiong, C., Buckles, V. D., Morris, J., C. & Sperling, R. A. (2013): Impaired default network functional connectivity in autosomal dominant Alzheimer disease. Neurology 81. DOI 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3182a1aafe

Choi, Woo June & Wang, Ruikang K. (2015): Swept-source optical coherence tomography powered by a 1.3-μm vertical cavity surface emitting laser enables 2.3-mm-deep brain imaging in mice in vivo. J. Biomed. Opt. 20(10), 106004 (Oct 08, 2015). doi:10.1117/1.JBO.20.10.106004

Chojnacki, J., Staudt, T., Glass, B., Bingen, P., Engelhardt, J., Anders, M., Schneider, J., Müller, B., Hell, S. W. & Kräusslich, H.-G. (2012): Maturation-Dependent HIV-1 Surface Protein Redistribution Revealed by Fluorescence Nanoscopy. Science 338/6106: 524-528.

Connolly, C. G., Wu, J., Ho, T. C., Hoeft, F., Wolkowitz, O. Eisendrath, S., Frank, G., Hendren, R., Max, J. E., Paulus, M. P., Tapert, S. F. Banerjee, D., Simmons, A. N. & Yang, T. T. (2013): Resting-State Functional Connectivity of Subgenual Anterior Cingulate Cortex in Depressed Adolescents. Biol. Psychiatry.

Dahmardeh, M., Mirzaalian Dastjerdi, H., Mazal, H. et al. (2023). Self-supervised machine learning pushes the sensitivity limit in label-free detection of single proteins below 10 kDa. Nat Methods 20, 442–447.

de Winkel, K.N., Nesti, A., Ayaz, H. & Bülthoff, H. H. (2017): Neural correlates of decision making on whole body yaw rotation: an fNIRS study. Neuroscience Letters, Available online 13 June 2017

Derix, J., Yang, S., Lüsebrink, F., Fiederer, L. D. J., Schulze-Bonhage, A., Aertsen, A., Speck, O. and Ball, T. (2014): Visualization of the amygdalo–hippocampal border and its structural variability by 7T and 3T magnetic resonance imaging. Hum. Brain Mapp. Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue). DOI: 10.1002/hbm.22477

Downing, P., Liu, J., & Kanwisher, N. (2001): Testing cognitive models of visual attention with fMRI and MEG. Neuropsychologia, 39/12: 1329-1342.

EMPA (2022). Miniaturized Quantum Dot Infrared Spectrometer.

Espy, M., Matlachov, A., Volegov, P., Mosher, J.C., & Kraus, R.H., Jr. (2005): SQUID-based simultaneous detection of NMR and biomagnetic signals at ultra-low magnetic fields. IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 15: 635-639.

Gambarotto, D., Zwettler, F. U., Guennec, M. L., Schmidt-Cernohorska, M., Fortun, D., Borgers, S., Heine, J., Schloetel, J.-G., M., Reuss, Unser, M., E. S., Boyden, Sauer, M., Hamel, V. & Guichard, P. (2019). Imaging cellular ultrastructures using expansion microscopy (U-ExM). Nature Methods 16: 71-74. DOI 10.1038/s41592-018-0238-1

Goulielmakis, E., Lakhotia, H., Kim, H-.Y., Zhan, M., Hu, S. & Meng, S. (2020). Laser picoscopy of valence electrons in solids. Nature 583: 55–59.

Gwosch KC, Pape JK, Balzarotti F, Hoess P, Ellenberg J, Ries J, Hell SW (2020). MINFLUX nanoscopy delivers 3D multicolor nanometer resolution in cells. Nature Methods.

Harrison, Ian F, Bernard Siow, Aisha B Akilo, Phoebe G Evans, Ozama Ismail, Yolanda Ohene, Payam Nahavandi, David L Thomas, Mark F Lythgoe & Jack A Wells (2018). Non-invasive imaging of CSF-mediated brain clearance pathways via assessment of perivascular fluid movement with DTI MRI. eLife 2018;7:e34028 doi: 10.7554/eLife.34028.

Haynes, J.D. & Rees, G. (2005): Predicting the orientation of invisible stimuli from activity in human primary visual cortex. Nat.Neurosci., 8/5: 686-691.

Hipp, L., Beer, J., Kuchler, O., Reisser, M., Sinske, D., Michaelis, J., Gebhardt, J.C.M. & Knöll, B. (2019). Single-molecule imaging of the transcription factor SRF reveals prolonged chromatin-binding kinetics upon cell stimulation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 116(3): 880-889.

Höfner, N., Albrecht, H. H., Cassara, A. M., Curio, G., Hartwig, S., Haueisen, J., Hilschenz, I., Korber, R., Martens, S., Scheer, H. J., Voigt, J., Trahms, L., & Burghoff, M. (2011): Are brain currents detectable by means of low-field NMR? A phantom study. Magn Reson. Imaging 29/10: 1365-1373.

Kaiplavil, Sreekumar & Mandelis, Andreas (2014): Truncated-correlation photothermal coherence tomography for deep subsurface analysis. Nature Photonics. doi:10.1038/nphoton.2014.111

Kamitani, Y. & Tong, F. (2006): Decoding seen and attended motion directions from activity in the human visual cortex. Curr.Biol, 16/11: 1096-1102.

Kauert, D.J., Madariaga-Marcos, J., Rutkauskas, M. et al. The energy landscape for R-loop formation by the CRISPR–Cas Cascade complex. Nat Struct Mol Biol 30, 1040–1047 (2023).

Karampinos, Dimitrios C., Claussnitzer, Melina & Hauner, Hans (2022): Transcriptome and fatty-acid signatures of adipocyte hypertrophy and its non-invasive MR-based characterization in human adipose tissue. EBioMedicine.

Klippel, S., Döpfert, J., Jabadurai Jayapaul, J., Kunth, M., Rossella, F., Schnurr, M., Witte, C., Freund, C. & Schröder, L. (2013: Cell tracking with Caged Xenon: Using Cryptophanes as MRI Reporters upon Cellular Internalization.(Epub ahead of print) DOI:10.1002/anie.201307290

König, K & Ostendorf, A (Eds.): Optically Induced Nanostructures. Biomedical and Technical Applications. Verlag DeGruyter (2015).

Kraus, R.H., Jr., Volegov, P., Matlachov, A., & Espy, M. (2008): Toward direct neural current imaging by resonant mechanisms at ultra-low field. Neuroimage., 39/1: 310-317.

Lavery, L., Merkle, A. & Gelb, J. (2015). 3D X-ray Microscopy: A New High Resolution Tomographic Technology for Biological Specimens. Microsc. Microanal. 21 (Suppl 3).

Le Bihan, D., Mangin, J.-F., Poupon, C., Clark, C. A., Pappata, S., Molko, N., & Chabriat, H. (2001): Diffusion Tensor Imaging: Concepts and Applications. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 13: 534–546.

Lee, M. H., Smyser, C. D. & Shimony, J. S. (2012): Resting-State fMRI: A Review of Methods and Clinical Applications. AJNR Am. J. Neuroradiol. 10.3174/ajnr.A3263

Lee, T, Cai, LX, Lelyveld, VS, Aviad Hai & Alan Jasanoff (2014): Molecular-Level Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Dopaminergic Signaling. Science 344: 533-535.

Li, Y., et al. (2020). Multifocal photoacoustic microscopy using a single-element ultrasonic transducer through an ergodic relay. Light: Science & Applications.

Liangzhong Xiang, Bo Wang, Lijun Ji & Huabei Jiang (2013): 4-D Photoacoustic Tomography. Scientific Reports 3 : 1113, DOI: 10.1038/srep01113

Liu, T.-L., Upadhyayula, S., Milkie, D. E., Singh, V., Wang, K., Swinburne, I. A., Mosaliganti, K. R., Collins, Z. M., Hiscock, T. W., Shea, J., Kohrman, A. Q., Medwig, T. N., Dambournet, D., Forster, R., Cunniff, B., Ruan, Y., Yashiro, H., Scholpp, S., Meyerowitz, E. M., Hockemeyer, D., Drubin, D. G., Martin, B. L., Matus, D. Q., Koyama, M., Megason, S. G., Kirchhausen, T. & Betzig, E. (2018). Observing the cell in its native state: Imaging subcellular dynamics in multicellular organisms. Science 20, Vol. 360, Issue 6386, eaaq1392.

V. Loconte, J.-H. Chen, M. Cortese, A. Ekman, M. A. Le Gros, C. Larabell, R. Bartenschlager, V. Weinhardt; "Using soft X-ray tomography for rapid whole-cell quantitative imaging of SARS-CoV-2-infected cells"; Cell Reports Methods; Vol. 1, Issue 7, 22 November 2021, 100117

Loretz, M., Rosskopf, T., Boss, J.M., Pezzagna, S., Meijer, J. & C. L. Degen (2014): Single-proton spin detection by diamond magnetometry. Science Express Reports. doi: 10.1126/science.1259464

Mahamid, J., Pfeffer, S., Schaffer, M., Villa, E., Danev, R., Kuhn-Cuellar, L., Förster, F., Hyman, A. A., Plitzko, J. M., Baumeister, W. (2016): Visualizing the molecular sociology at the HeLa cell nuclear periphery. Science 351 (6276): 969-972. DOI: 10.1126/science.aad8857

Y. Matsumoto, Y. Asao, A. Yoshikawa, H. Sekiguchi, M. Takada, M. Furu, S. Saito, M. Kataoka, H. Abe, T. Yagi, K. Togashi & M. Toi (2018). Label-free photoacoustic imaging of human palmar vessels: a structural morphological analysis. Scientific Reports 8:786, DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-19161-z

Jacqueline L. S. Milne, Mario J. Borgnia, Alberto Bartesaghi, Erin E. H. Tran, Lesley A. Earl, David M. Schauder, Jeffrey Lengyel, Jason Pierson, Ardan Patwardhan & Sriram Subramaniam (2013). Cryo-electron microscopy: A primer for the non-microscopist. FEBS J. 280 (1): 28–45. doi:10.1111/febs.12078

-> New: Nanda, S., Calderon, A., Sachan, A. et al. Rho GTPase activity crosstalk mediated by Arhgef11 and Arhgef12 coordinates cell protrusion-retraction cycles. Nat Commun 14, 8356 (2023).

Nielles-Vallespin, S., Mekkaoui,C., Gatehouse, P., Reese, T. G., Keegan, J., Ferreira, P. F., Collins, S., Speier, P., Feiweier, T., de Silva, R., Jackowski, M. P., Pennell, D. J., Sosnovik, D. E. & Firmin, D. (2013): In Vivo Diffusion Tensor MRI of the Human Heart: Reproducibility of Breath-Hold and Navigator-Based Approaches. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. 70:454–465.

Mihajlo Novakovic, Gregory L. Olsen, György Pintér, Daniel Hymon, Boris Fürtig, Harald Schwalbe, Lucio Frydman: A 300-fold enhancement of imino nucleic acid resonances by hyperpolarized water provides a new window for probing RNA refolding by 1D and 2D NMR, PNAS, 16. Januar 2020

Jasmin K. Pape, Till Stephan, Francisco Balzarotti, Rebecca Büchner, Felix Lange, Dietmar Riedel, Stefan Jakobs, Stefan W. Hell (2020). Multicolor 3D MINFLUX nanoscopy of mitochondrial MICOS proteins. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA; 11. August 2020

Patching, Simon G. (2014): Surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy for characterization of membrane protein–ligand interactions and its potential for drug discovery. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1838: 43–55.

Miguel A. Pleitez, Asrar Ali Khan, Alice Soldà, Andriy Chmyrov, Josefine Reber, Francesca Gasparin, Markus R. Seeger, Benedikt Schätz, Stephan Herzig, Marcel Scheideler & Vasilis Ntziachristos (2019). Label-free metabolic imaging by mid-infrared optoacoustic microscopy in living cells. Nature Biotechnology.

-> New: Reznik D, Trampel R, Weiskopf N, Witter MP, Doeller CF. (2023). Dissociating distinct cortical networks associated with subregions of the human medial temporal lobe using precision neuroimaging. Neuron. Jun 23: S0896-6273(23)00402-6. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2023.05.029. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37390820.

Schindler, A. & Bartels, A. (2013): Parietal Cortex Codes for Egocentric Space beyond the Field of View. Current Biology 23, 1–6.

Schneider, J., Zahn, J., Maglione, M., Sigrist, S. J., Marquard, J., Chojnacki, J.,  Kräusslich, H.-G., Sahl, S. J., Engelhardt, J. & Hell, S. W. (2015): Ultrafast, temporally stochastic STED nanoscopy of millisecond dynamics. Nature Methods 2015, 10.1038/nmeth.3481

Oliver Schoppe, Chenchen Pan, Javier Coronel, Hongcheng Mai, Zhouyi Rong, Mihail Ivilinov Todorov, Annemarie Müskes, Fernando Navarro, Hongwei Li, Ali Ertürk, Bjoern H. Menze; "Deep learning-enabled multi-organ segmentation in whole-body mouse scans"; Nature communications.

Shibata, M., Uchihashi, T., Ando, T. & Yasuda, R. (2015): Long-tip high-speed atomic force microscopy for nanometer-scale imaging in live cells. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 5: 8724, DOI: 10.1038/srep08724.

Heinz, A., Siessmeier, T., Wrase, J., Hermann, D., Klein, S., Grusser, S. M., Flor, H., Braus, D. F., Buchholz, H. G., Grunder, G., Schreckenberger, M., Smolka, M. N., Rosch, F., Mann, K., & Bartenstein, P. (2004): Correlation between dopamine D(2) receptors in the ventral striatum and central processing of alcohol cues and craving. Am J Psychiatry, 161/10: 1783-1789.

-> New: Speiser, A., Müller, LR., Hoess, P. et al. Deep learning enables fast and dense single-molecule localization with high accuracy. Nat Methods (2021).

Stirman, JN, Smith, IT, Kudenov, MW & Smith, SL (2016): Wide field-of-view, multi-region, two-photon imaging of neuronal activity in the mammalian brain. Nature Biotechnology, advance online publication, doi:10.1038/nbt.3594.

Stratis Tzoumas, Antonio Nunes, Ivan Olefir, Stefan Stangl, Panagiotis Symvoulidis, Sarah Glasl, Christine Bayer, Gabriele Multhoff & Vasilis Ntziachristos (2016): Eigenspectra optoacoustic tomography achieves quantitative blood oxygenation imaging deep in tissues. Nature Communications 7, Article number: 12121 doi: 10.1038/ncomms12121.

-> New:  Sunbul, M., Lackner, J., Martin, A. et al. (2021). Super-resolution RNA imaging using a rhodamine-binding aptamer with fast exchange kinetics. Nat Biotechnol (2021).

Aleksander Szczurek, Ludger Klewes, Jun Xing, Amine Gourram, Udo Birk, Hans Knecht, Jurek W. Dobrucki, Sabine Mai & Christoph Cremer (2017). Imaging chromatin nanostructure with binding-activated localization microscopy based on DNA structure fluctuations. Nucleic Acids Research 45, No. 8 e56. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkw1301.

Thunemann M, Schörg BF, Feil S, Lin Y, Voelkl J, Golla M, Vachaviolos A, Kohlhofer U, Quintanilla-Martinez L, Olbrich M, Ehrlichmann W, Reischl G, Griessinger CM, Langer HF, Gawaz M, Lang F, Schäfers M, Kneilling M, Pichler BJ, Feil R. (2017): Cre/lox-assisted non-invasive in vivo tracking of specific cell populations by positron emission tomography. Nature Communications. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-00482-y.

Tong, F. Harrison S. A., Dewey, J. A., Kamitani, Y (2013): Relationship between BOLD amplitude and pattern classification of orientation-selective activity in the human visual cortex. NeuroImage 63 (2012) 1212–1222.

Andres Flores Valle & Johannes D. Seelig (2019). Two-photon Bessel beam tomography for fast volume imaging. Optics Express 12147, 27/9.

Vraka, C., Pichler, V., Pfaff, S., Balber, T., Hacker, M., Mitterhauser, M., Wadsak, W., Philippe, C. (2019). Technical aspect of the automated synthesis and real-time kinetic evaluation of [11C] SNAP-7941. Jove 146, 28.04.2919, doi: 10.3791/59557.

Wehrl, H. F., Hossain, M., Lankes, K., Liu, C.-C., Bezrukov, I., Martirosian, P., Schick, F., Reischl, G. & Pichler, B. J. (2013): Simultaneous PET-MRI reveals brain function in activated and resting state on metabolic, hemodynamic and multiple temporal scales. Nature Medicine.

-> New: Martin Weigert, Uwe Schmidt, Tobias Boothe, Andreas Müller, Alexandr Dibrov, Akanksha Jain, Benjamin Wilhelm, Deborah Schmidt, Coleman Broaddus, Siân Culley, Mauricio Rocha-Martins, Fabián Segovia-Miranda, Caren Norden, Ricardo Henriques, Marino Zerial, Michele Solimena, Jochen Rink, Pavel Tomancak, Loic Royer, Florian Jug & Eugene W. Myers (2018). Content-aware image restoration: pushing the limits of fluorescence microscopy. Nature Methods 15: 1090–1097.

-> New: Weinstein J., Aviv Regev & Feng Zhang (2019). DNA microscopy: optics-free spatio-genetic imaging by a stand-alone chemical reaction. Cell. Online June 20, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2019.05.019

Weizenecker, J., Gleich, B., Rahmer, J., Dahnke, H. & Borgert, J. (2009): Three-dimensional real-time in vivo magnetic particle imaging. Phys. Med. Biol. 54 (2009) L1–L10.

Wilming, N., Murphy, P.R., Meyniel, F. et al. (2020). Large-scale dynamics of perceptual decision information across human cortex. Nat Commun 11, 5109 (2020).

-> New: Wu, Y., Han, X., Su, Y. et al. Multiview confocal super-resolution microscopy. Nature (2021).

Photo: Paul Wicks.

2. Non-invasive Brain-Computer Interface

-> New: Kraus D, Naros G, Guggenberger R, Leão MT, Ziemann U, Gharabaghi A. (2018): Recruitment of additional corticospinal pathways in the human brain with state-dependent paired associative stimulation. J Neurosci.

Kraus D, Naros G, Bauer R, Leão MT, Ziemann U, Gharabaghi A. (2016): Brain-robot interface driven plasticity: Distributed modulation of corticospinal excitability. Neuroimage 125: 522-532.

Herff, C, Heger, D, de Pesters, A, Telaar, D, Brunner, P, Schalk, G & Schultz, T. (2015): Brain-to-text: decoding spoken phrases from phone representations in the brain. Front. Neurosci.

-> New: Nann, M., Cohen, L. G., Deecke L. & Soekadar, S. R. (2019). To jump or not to jump – The Bereitschaftspotential required to jump into 192-meter abyss. Sci Rep. 9: 2243. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-38447-w.

Quandt, F., Reichert, C., Hinrichs, H., Heinze, H.J., Knight, R.T., & Rieger, J. W. (2012): Single trial discrimination of individual finger movements on one hand: a combined MEG and EEG study. Neuroimage., 59/4: 3316-3324.

Waldert, S., Preissl, H., Demandt, E., Braun, C., Birbaumer, N., Aertsen, A., & Mehring, C. (2008): Hand movement direction decoded from MEG and EEG. J Neurosci., 28/4: 1000-1008.

3. Non-Invasive Procedures for Brain Stimulation

Tufail, Y., Matyushov, A., Baldwin, N., Tauchmann, M. L., Georges, J., Yoshihiro, A., Tillery, S. I., & Tyler, W. J. (2010): Transcranial pulsed ultrasound stimulates intact brain circuits. Neuron, 66/5: 681-694.

Photo: Sven Hoppe,

4. Human-specific Disease Models (Diseases-in-a-dish)

Callaway, E. (2011): Cells snag top modelling job. Nature 469/7330: 279.

Se Hoon Choi, Young Hye Kim, Matthias Hebisch, Christopher Sliwinski, Seungkyu Lee, Carla D’Avanzo, Hechao Chen, Basavaraj Hooli, Caroline Asselin, Julien Muffat, Justin B. Klee, Can Zhang, Brian J. Wainger, Michael Peitz, Dora M. Kovacs, Clifford J. Woolf, Steven L. Wagner, Rudolph E. Tanzi & Doo Yeon Kim (2014): A three-dimensional human neural cell culture model of Alzheimer’s disease. doi:10.1038/nature13800

-> New: Dekkers, JF, Berkers, G, Kruisselbrink, E, et al. (2016): Characterizing responses to CFTR-modulating drugs using rectal organoids derived from subjects with cystic fibrosis. Science 8/344.

-> New: Graffmann N, Ring S, Kawala MA, Wruck W, Ncube A, Trompeter HI, et al. (2016): Modelling NAFLD with human pluripotent stem cell derived immature hepatocyte like cells reveals activation of PLIN2 and confirms regulatory functions of PPARalpha. Stem cells and development.

D. Huh, D. C. Leslie, B. D. Matthews, J. P. Fraser, S. Jurek, G. A. Hamilton, K. S. Thorneloe, M. A. McAlexander, D. E. Ingber, A Human Disease Model of Drug Toxicity–Induced Pulmonary Edema in a Lung-on-a-Chip Microdevice. Sci. Transl. Med. 4, 159ra147 (2012).

Itzhaki, I., Maizels, L., Huber, I., Zwi-Dantsis, L., Caspi, O., Winterstern, A., Feldman, O., Gepstein, A., Arbel, G., Hammerman, H., Boulos, M., & Gepstein, L. (2011): Modelling the long QT syndrome with induced pluripotent stem cells. Nature, 471/7337: 225-229.

Jerome Mertens, Apuã C.M. Paquola, Manching Ku, Emily Hatch, Lena Böhnke, Shauheen Ladjevardi, Sean McGrath, Benjamin Campbell, Hyungjun Lee, Joseph R. Herdy, J. Tiago Goncalves, Tomohisa Toda, Yongsung Kim, Jürgen Winkler, Jun Yao, Martin Hetzer, and Fred H. Gage (2015): Directly Reprogrammed Human Neurons Retain Aging-Associated Transcriptomic Signatures and Reveal Age-Related Nucleocytoplasmic Defects. Cell Stem Cell DOI:

Moretti, A., Bellin, M., Welling, A., Jung, C.B., Lam, J.T., Bott-Flugel, L., Dorn, T., Goedel, A., Hohnke, C., Hofmann, F., Seyfarth, M., Sinnecker, D., Schomig, A., & Laugwitz, K.L. (2010): Patient-specific induced pluripotent stem-cell models for long-QT syndrome. N Engl. J Med 363/15: 1397-1409.

Nguyen, D.-H. T., Stapleton, S. C., Yang, M. T., Cha, S. S., Choi, C. K., Galie, P. A. & Chen, C. S. (2013): Biomimetic model to reconstitute angiogenic sprouting morphogenesis in vitro. PNAS 110/17: 6712-6717.

-> New: Christos Papadimitriou, Hilal Celikkaya, Mehmet I. Cosacak, Violeta Mashkaryan, Laura Bray, Prabesh Bhattarai, Kerstin Brandt, Heike Hollak, Xin Chen, Shuijin He, Christopher L. Antos, Weilin Lin, Alvin Kuriakose Thomas, Andreas Dahl, Thomas Kurth, Jens Friedrichs, Yixin Zhang, Uwe Freudenberg, Carsten Werner & Caghan Kizil (2018). 3D Culture Method for Alzheimer’s Disease Modeling Reveals Interleukin-4 Rescues Ab42-Induced Loss of Human Neural Stem Cell Plasticity. Developmental Cell 46: 85–101.

Takahashi, K., Tanabe, K., Ohnuki, M., Narita, M., Ichisaka, T., Tomoda, K., & Yamanaka, S. (2007): Induction of pluripotent stem cells from adult human fibroblasts by defined factors. Cell, 131/5: 861-872.

Wang, G., McCain, M., et. al. (2014): Modeling the mitochondrial cardiomyopathy of Barth syndrome with iPSC and heart-on-a-chip technologies. Nature Medicine.


5. Microfluidic systems

-> Neu: Chen, H.J., Miller, P. & Shuler, M. L. (2018). A pumpless body-on-a-chip model using a primary culture of human intestinal cells and a 3D culture of liver cells. Lab Chip. 2018 Jun 8. doi: 10.1039/c8lc00111a.

Huh, D., Matthews, B. D., Mammoto, A., Montoya-Zavala, M., Hsin, H.Y., & Ingber, D. E. (2010): Reconstituting organ-level lung functions on a chip. Science, 328/5986: 1662-1668.

Huh, D., Hamilton, G. A., & Ingber, D. E. (2011): From 3D cell culture to organs-on-chips. Trends Cell Biol, 21/12: 745-754.

Neuzil, P. et al. (2012): Revisiting lab-on-a-chip technology for drug discovery. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 11: 620 - 32.

-> Neu: Friedrich Schuler, Frank Schwemmer, Martin Trotter, Simon Wadle, Roland Zengerle, Felix von Stetten und Nils Paust (2015): Centrifugal step emulsification applied for absolute quantification of nucleic acids by digital droplet RPA. Lab Chip, 2015,15, 2759-2766. DOI: 10.1039/C5LC00291E

Tsai, M., Kita, A., Leach, J., Rounsevell, R., Huang, J. N., Moake, J., Ware, R. E., Fletcher, D. A., & Lam, W. A. (2012): In vitro modeling of the microvascular occlusion and thrombosis that occur in hematologic diseases using microfluidic technology. J Clin Invest, 122/1: 408-418.